Long Term and Short-Term Alcohol Impact on Human Brain

Long Term and Short-Term Alcohol Impact on Human Brain

Consuming alcohol is socially acceptable in many places. However, consumption of alcohol in huge quantity can prove to be harmful for a person’s mental and physical being and the physiological health of their brain. Long-term and heavy intake of alcohol can affect learning and memory issues, resulting in mental health issues.

The human brain is an intricate and delicate organ that should maintain a careful balance of chemicals. The chemicals are called neurotransmitters which help a person to function properly. Alcohol affects balance, changing the process of brain equilibrium and chronic use for long-term forces a person’s brain to adapt in efforts to make amends for the effect of alcohol.

One of the most concerning effects of alcohol use on the brain is the development of psychological dependence. A condition in which a person feels the physical and psychological withdrawal symptoms and craves to cease drinking or lowers the amount of alcohol in the body.

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Short term alcohol effects on the brain:

Alcohol intoxication can affect the central nervous system in short-term results. The symptoms depend on how often the person drinks or the amount of alcohol they consume. Symptoms of alcohol intoxication such as physical impairment and mild cognitive become evident after 1-2 drinks, but heavier use results in overdose.

Drinking too much and too fast can cause adverse mental effects like confusion, impaired motor coordination and reduced decision-making ability. Continuity of alcohol after recognizing all the symptoms can lead to alcohol poisoning. It is a dangerous and potentially deadly side effect of drinking a large amount of alcohol in a short period.

Symptoms of alcohol poisoning

  • Confusion
  • Seizure
  • Problem with remaining conscious
  • Respiratory suspension
  • Heart rate slowing
  • Vomiting
  • Cognitive disruption and impairment
  • Death at worst cases

Long term alcohol effects on the brain

Drinking heavily after increased alcohol-related complication gets the risk higher. Excessive drinking for a long period is not safe. Long-term health issues like heart, liver, and digestion problems, weakening of immune system, cancer and disturbance in the daily routine are the effects of long-term alcohol consumption. Depression and anxiety take place in a normal case.

People using alcohol excessively and for a long period also risk thiamine deficiency because of poor nutrition which can lead to Wernicke-korsakoff syndrome, also known as wet brain. A wet brain can cause mental confusion, disturbance in eye movement and problems in learning and memory.

Long-term alcohol abuse leads to the development of AUD alcohol use disorder which is similar to alcohol addiction or alcoholism. AUD is a problematic pattern followed by high alcohol intake which affects and brings negative consequences to personal health, job and personal relationships.

It is not hard and impossible, and you need to make a choice and there are sources to help you overcome addiction. Be mentally free and get a better life for yourself and people around you with the rehab facility available.